Methods

Implementation and Financing

Impacts

We conduct our research in partnership with international agencies, national governments and city authorities, as well as with local universities and other stakeholders. In each location, we develop a city-specific, locally appropriate evidence base from the bottom up, and we subject this evidence to extensive expert review to guarantee its quality and its relevance for local decision-making.

Our approach starts with an examination of ‘business as usual’ trends in energy or water use so that we can understand the ways in which energy and water are consumed in the city and establish the implications of a continuation of ‘business as usual’ trends in the coming years. Frequently, this suggests that energy/water use, energy/water bills and carbon footprints/climate vulnerability will increase dramatically over the next 15-20 years if ‘business as usual’ trends are maintained.

We then compile menus of all of the energy/water efficient and low carbon measures that could realistically be adopted in the city. We consider measures that are applicable in the energy and water sectors, as well as in the domestic, commercial, transport, industrial and waste sectors. We subject each measure to a rigorous review to establish its costs and benefits, its scope for deployment and its potential contribution to low carbon, climate resilient development in the city.

We then aggregate our results to reveal the economic significance of energy and water use in the city, and the economic case for large scale investments in different sectors that could reduce energy and water use. By presenting a clear, compelling economic case, our research enables the development of political commitment, institutional capacities, new funding mechanisms and social support, all of which are likely to be critically important if cities are to make the transition to lower carbon, more climate resilient development paths.

 

Methods

Under construction.

Implementation and Financing

Under construction.

Impacts